List Of Reliable Small Businesses For Nigerian Graduates (2020)

Are you are graduate and still seeking employment in Nigeria? Look no further because, in this post, you will be seeing a detailed list of reliable businesses for Nigerian graduate. If you can read attentively from start to finish, you will have a mountain top insight of the best business ideas for Nigeria you.

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Why You Should Start A Business Even As A Graduate In Nigeria

Unemployment is an imposed branch of the Nigerian economy. It is a serious issue in Nigeria since the government happens to the largest employer of labor in the Nation. These are the best reasons to start a business in Nigeria.

With these business ideas for Nigerian graduates, you have the opportunity to get out of the list of unemployed graduate and become a literate established businessman.

A recent study by Guardian has been able to prove that less than 45% of Nigerian graduates are currently employed, another 33% are business owners and the rest are unemployed, pending, job seeker and everything in between.

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At the writing this article, Nigerian Graduates are undergoing a compulsory 1-year enlightenment program called “NYSC“, a body established to enlighten graduate and equip them with necessary skills and tools needed to earn a living because of the low employment rate in the nation.

This is thereby increasing the number in an already existing unemployment graduate in the country, graduate every year and also.

It gives you a chance to put your skills and IQ to test. As a graduate, you can see features that most business owners fail to see. If you can see a problem in your society and meet the demand created by these needs.

A graduate has been modeled by years of academic training to be able to naturally perform market research and analysis.

This is one point you have over other business owners. If you can leverage this opportunity, you can turn your idea into a commercial/industrial activity that you can use to earn money starting a business as a graduate in Nigerian allows you to determine your income, retirement and company size. You don’t have to be told when to leave, or what you have to do and not. You are the law and body responsible for keeping it all together.

Finally, Nigeria is the economic hub of Africa and a hotspot for most entrepreneurs and investors, you will have no trouble financing your business if you use the right means.

You also have the potential to deliver your goods/services to over 200 Million potential customers in Nigeria, depending on your size and capacity. So, that you’re ready here is a list of business for Nigerian graduates.

List Of Reliable Businesses For Nigerian Graduates

Property Flipping

Property flipping involves the act of purchasing a revenue-generating asset mostly lands or building, and then quickly reselling it for profit. Though flipping can apply to any asset, the term is most often applied to real estate and public offerings. You can buy cheap land in Lagos and resell it for a greater value.

This business holds a massive income potential not just to graduate but any interested individual. You simply purchase a land, wait for the price to appreciate and then sell it with interest. As I said, it holds a Massive Profit Potential and can generate over 500% ROI every year. If you do not have the capital to purchase land, you can start as a housing agent and grow your bank to purchase your land.

Agriculture

There are several investment opportunities for graduates and undergraduates in this niche. From food production to the herb, local medicines, egg or milk, meat production, feather, cowhide & skin, dung for manure or fish feed, animals for research, food and much more. This article would not be enough to cover the beauty of this business. Agriculture holds the biggest income potential for any graduate willing to invest.

Exporting

Nigeria is naturally endowed with a metric tonne of food and mineral resources. These resources are raw materials needed for the production in countries like India, Vietnam, China, Taiwan, USA, UK, Brazil, and so on. These countries have a high demand for certain products but we lack the supply.

You can easily become an exporter registering with the Nigerian Export Promotion Council to begin your career as an international trader. We lack refineries to make certain finished goods but we are rich in natural organic product, which other countries lack.

Examples of Agro-products with high demand both inside and outside Nigeria are Chili pepper, Mango, Yam, Ugu leaves, Red palm oil, Kola nuts(pharmaceutical purposes), Bitter Kola, Cassava, Cocoa, Groundnut, Yam flour, Nuts, etc. This is one business no Nigerian graduate should miss.

Digital Marketing

Digital marketing is simply acting/process of marketing of products or services using digital technologies, mainly on the Internet, mobile phones, display advertising, and any other digital medium. With this form of marketing, you can sell any product to anyone, anywhere.

Food Processing

Another profitable industry open for Nigerian graduate to consider investing in is the food processing industry. The idea behind this business is simply to take Agro products and turn them into finished products. This business is just right for you.

You should also know, that there are a tons of businesses you can do in this niche, such businesses include Frozen food production, Tomato puree production, rice milling, corn processing, yogurt production, Vegetable oil production, flour production, Garri Processing, oil palm processing, groundnut processing, Fruit juice production, etc and every one of them is very profitable.

Manufacturing

This is another profitable business venture that I think graduate should invest in. Nigerian graduates can also invest in small scale manufacturing of goods and other products that are in high demand or required to meet daily needs.

You don’t need to build a factory or industrial plant. You can start this business on a small scale from your room or basement in a rented apartment. Products you can start manufacturing on a small scale include Match sticks, Nylons, polythene, paper bags, Toothpicks, Tissue paper & Serviette, chalk, candlesticks, cartons, etc.

Freelancing

There are tons of sites are looking for proofreaders, content editors, Media publishing, freelancers and article writers. As a Nigerian graduate, you can easily become a freelancer and offer your service for sale. Like the internet, a change, so also is the way things works.

You can visit sites like Fiverr, Upwork, Elance, Freelancer, forums, and other social media networks to create an account and let the world see your services and ability.

If you are following current online trends, you will notice that most jobs in the United States of America are now being outsourced to countries like Philippines, India, China, and a certain segment of Africa and one of such jobs is Article Writing or Ghostwriting.

As a Nigerian Graduate, you can choose to write from home as a freelancer or you can set up a company and build a team of competent writers ready for hire. This business is super easy setup and it is very very profitable.

Hotels, Bars and Clubs

You were probably exposed to a lot of parties in school. You can take ideas from one or two and put it into use. If setting up a hotel is too expensive for your budget, then you can consider investing in a bar, night club or a fast food joint.

A lot of youths and young adults in Nigeria are out at night looking for fun nightlife in their neighborhood. If you are interested in investing in the industry, then you should consider setting up your hotel, night club, or bar.

This business is very profitable to any graduate that invests in any of them. If your establishment can attract tourists and citizens who are looking for an active nightlife joint especially in states like Lagos, Abuja, Jos, Port Harcourt, and Calabar.

Laundry

Laundry and dry cleaning in Nigeria is another popular business for graduates in Nigeria. This business has seen a fair increase in popularity because of the increase in the need & demand for efficient and reliable laundry and dry cleaning services.

Working-class citizens prefer to use laundry and dry cleaning than to use their spare time to do it by themselves. Most dry cleaning heavy washing machine to run their laundry business. You simply need detergent, buckets, and robs for sun drying the clothes and you’re all set to go.

You also need to work with your neighborhood friends/associates and broadcast about the news about your new business and also build a good relationship with your clients. Strive to deliver your their clothes within the agreed time frame to build confidence and encourage them to return.

Importation/Drop Shipping Business/ Courier Services

As a graduate, you can start making money importing products that are under $1, then sell those goods/products for N600 to N1,500. You should concentrate on product less than $1 because these products usually are hot products, cheap and have low VAT charges.

You just need a starting capital of N50,000 to N300,000 to start your importation business and also added services like Courier or drop shipping for extra cash. This allows you to deliver your goods to your customer’s house or dropped at your nearest office.

There are so many places you can buy a product for less than $1. Just do searches on Google, you will find one.

But before buying & importing any product from the oversees, you have to find out and ensure that the product listed as contraband or blacklisted in Nigeria else your goods/product will be confiscated when it arrives by the customs service.

Wrapping Up

These are my 9 best business ideas for Nigeria graduates. These businesses have been picked because it has the lowest manageable risk attached to it, requires little capital and have huge income potential.

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Water Melon Farming in Nigeria: Guide on How To Start (2020)

Watermelon farming in Nigeria: step by step guide on how to farm water melon conveniently in Nigeria today.

Watermelon is one of the nutritious crops out there. This crop which has come to be accepted as a fruit is packed with enormous health benefits. It is loaded with nutrients such as potassium, magnesium, iron, folic acid, vitamin A and C and lycopene among others.

Water melon is linked with so many health benefits such as muscle health, eye, skin and hair care as well as help reduce cancer. These as well as it antioxidants and satisfactory feel and taste makes watermelon a very popular not only in Nigeria or Africa but in the world at large.

In fact, watermelon is the 3 most cultivated crops in the world directly behind potatoes and tomatoes.

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This article will enlighten you on the step by step process of how to cultivate water melons in the country. 

Watermelon is rich in nutrients which include potassium, magnesium, iron, folic acid, B vitamins as well as vitamin A and C. It is also made up of an antioxidant known as lycopene which protects the skin from ultraviolet rays of the sun. Frequent consumption of watermelon can help to prevent sunburn. The lycopene content can also help reduce the risk of cancer. Below are listed some of the health benefits of water melon.

Eye care

Macular degeneration which is very common among the old and elderly can be prevented by the antioxidant, lycopene in water melons.

Muscle health

Watermelon contains the alpha-amino acid, citrulline which can be administered to athletes, to help relieve muscle soreness. Citrulline also improves exercise performance and endurance.

Skin and hair care

Water melons are rich in vitamins A and Can, and these vitamins are very important in skin and hair care. Vitamin A also improves eye sight while Vitamin C helps prevent scurvy. The antioxidant, lycopene as earlier stated, also protects the skin from sunburn.

WaterMelon Farming in Nigeria: Step by Step Process

Watermelon is widely cultivated in Northern Nigeria, it is very popular in the North. Large quantities of watermelon consumed in Southern Nigeria comes from the Northern part of the country.

However, water melon can be cultivated in any part of the country and in this article, we will guide you through the steps in planting and harvesting water melon in your location.

Site Selection

The first step to start a successful watermelon farm in Nigeria is choosing a suitable location that supports the growth of this fruit.

One of the requirements of water melon is that it requires a hot and dry climate, making the northern part of the country naturally suited for farming watermelon.

However, this does not mean it cannot be planted in the south. Watermelon also requires a sandy or loamy soil that is well drained and the farm must be exposed to sunlight.

Watermelon, when planted, does really well in hot, dry climate; it is little wonder why it is widely cultivated in the Northern part of the country.

But be informed that the ideal planting region for this plant is not necessarily the North. It can be cultivated in any part of the country.

Cultivation usually commences during the rainy season to take advantage of the relatively low humidity associated with rainy season.

Planting begins in Northern Nigeria in June for the early season or July for the late season.

Generally, watermelon can be planted all year round in the North as long as their adequate water supply through irrigation.

In Southern Nigeria, planting commences in March which is the early planting season. Planting can be done in the mid-planting season which is either in late June or early July.

There is a late planting season too which is in September or October. The mid-season planting is highly dependent on the rain. If the rains which is expected to commence in mid June starts much earlier, then planting is possible in this period.

Soil Type 

The ideal soil for cultivating watermelons is either sandy soil or loamy soil.

The farm should be adequately sunlit and to boost soil fertility, organic manure or fertilizer in the right proportion should be added to the soil.

Spacing

Watermelon requires a lot of space. The plant is a rambling vine and can smother anything it comes in contact with.

Even if watermelons are not climbers, they can be trained on trellis. Trellis help increase their exposure to sunlight and also helps to save space.

You will need a bit of expertise when constructing or installing the trellis because they need to be strong enough to support the weight of the developing fruit.

Land Preparation

Plough the land before planting. Plant the same day of ploughing.

It has been observed that planting this way is better than waiting till the next day.

Before watermelon can be planted, you need to prepare the land. To prepare the land in anticipation of planting, plough the land and plant that same day.

However, you can wait till the next day if you wish. There are different seed varieties of water-melon such as the black diamond, Congo, crimson sweet and moon & stars.

Learn about each of these variety and their unique features and requirement before making a decision on which to plant. Watermelon is planted usually at the beginning of the raining season or at the end of the raining season.

You can plant water melon on either a flat surface or on ridges. However, it is recommended you plant on ridges.

Also note that watermelon require a lot of space. The plant is a rampling vine and can smother anything it comes in contact with. Although they do not climb, you can train them on strong trellis to increase their exposure to sunlight and also save space.

The planting hole should be about 30cm in depth. The planting rows should be about 2 meters apart and the spacing between plants should be 1 foot apart.

Seed Selection

There are many variants of the water melon plants from which you can select from when starting your farm. Some of these are:

– Black Diamond

The black diamond species is almost black in colour and its rind is bruise resistant rind. It is sweet tasting and has a luscious flesh.

– Congo

This species has a juicy red flesh and it has a high sugar content. The melon is oblong and medium green with dark-green stripes. This species is generally common in Nigeria.

– Crimson Sweet

This is a really sweet variety of the water melon species. It has a deep red flesh with a unique dark-green striped rind. This is another common variety in Nigeria.

– Moon and Stars

This is watermelon variety is characterized by its red flesh.

Planting

Water melon can be planted on the flat land or on ridges. If the soil is clay, planting on a ridge or bed is recommended.

On the other hand, you can plant on a flat land if the soil is loamy. The planting hole should be about 30 cm in depth.

When growing in commercial quantities you can plant on ridges. The soil used should be well drained because the watermelon plant doesn’t do well in water logged environment.

It is never recommended to grow your water melon in the nursery. Usually the watermelon seed sprouts within a few days.

The plant rows should be about 2 metres apart and the spacing between plants should be 1 foot apart. Growing the plant in raised rows ensure good drainage.

Generally, the method of planting also depends on the variety. If you are planting the Congo or Crimson Variety, you should make sure the rows are at least 10 feet apart.

Prior to planting, you can evaluate the quality of the water melon seeds by dipping them into a salt solution (3-5%). The ones that should be planted should readily sink into the bottom of the bowl.

Additionally, the leathery seeds need to be softened before they can be planted.

Also, you can make the plants more resistant to pest and diseases by drying the seeds under the sun for a week prior to planting. You should add humus to the soil prior to planting.

This is better than organic manure because manure often affects the taste of the watermelon and it weakens the resistance of the plant to disease.

You can also use inorganic fertilizers like phosphorus and potassium.

Post Planting

You need to water the plant once a week until they become mature. You can also mulch the soil.

This is important because watermelon need adequate moisture for optimal growth. Mulch also helps to keep the weeds out

Also you should be adding organic manure frequently. You can also use inorganic fertilizers.

The growing plant requires a high level of nitrogen however, once the plant flowers and fruits you can reduce the nitrogen supply and increase the phosphorus and potassium supply.

You can adjust the tip of the watermelon vine to grow in the direction. You can also use trellis to support their growth and increase their exposure to sunlight.

A certain insect called the leaf eating beetle often disrupt the growth of water melon by attacking the leaves.

You can reduce the attack on the water melon leaves by improving the soil conditions of the plant. In the case, the water melon plant will grow fast enough to diminish the effect of these beetles.

In terms of disease infestation, mildew is a fungus that affects the leaves of the plant. You can avoid this disease by preventing the leaves of the water melon from staying wet long enough to cause mildew.

This can be done by avoiding overheard watering

After planting, you need to nurture your crop so you can get the maximum economic value from them. The first thing to take note is mulching, you need to do that because they help keep weed away and keep the soil moist.

Also important is watering. This should be done once a week until the crop matures. You should also apply manure or inorganic fertilizer when necessary.

While you do the above, guard against pest and diseases as they can dip the whole of your investment in vain.

It takes about 3 months for watermelon to be ready for harvest. When the tendrils are dry and you can hear a dull sound when flapping the fruit.

When it is confirmed they are ready for harvest, cut the stems close to the fruit with a sharp knife.

Harvesting

It takes 3 months for water melon to mature in readiness for harvest. This means you can plant up to 3 times in a year.The watermelon should be ready for harvest once they are fully ripe.

The signs of ripening include the dryness of the tendrils as well as a dull sound when flapping the fruit. At this point when you put pressure on the melon, you can hear a crackle around the rind.

Another way to confirm its time to harvest is by checking the bottom of the melon. This part which is closest to the soil should have turned deep yellow from white.

Also, the color at the top is also important. When the watermelon turns ripe, there’s usually a contrast between the strips.

The stems should be cut with a sharp knife close to the fruit. Water melon can last up to 10 days, however, once cut, they would only last about 4 days.

Marketing

You should have known your target market before starting your farm to enable you deliver your produce to specific delivery points.

This is done so that your produce don’t have to stay on the farmland too long before they are transported to their target customers.

Watermelon are perishable goods so note that once harvested, they can only last for a few days. With this in mind, you should have a buyer close to your farm or where you can access before the goods perish.

Hope this guide helps

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Tomato Farming in Nigeria: Guide on How to Start (2020)

Tomato farming in Nigeria is rare in many areas of the country even when Nigeria is blessed with the right soil and weather to boost tomato production in commercial quantity and even make Nigeria a major exporter of tomatoes in the world.  Although, there are major tomato producing states in Nigeria, these states cannot supply the amount of tomatoes needed to satisfy the demand of this agricultural produce in the country. Tomato farming business is one that is very lucrative with its demand deemed to surpass its supply, hence its importation from other countries.

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This article on tomato farming business in Nigeria will serve as a guide for those who are seeking information on how to start a tomato farm in Nigeria whether in a commercial or local scale. You might be wondering or asking; how profitable is it to start tomato farming business in Nigeria? I would simply reply with this answer – Tomato in Nigeria is seen as one of the most consumed agricultural product in Nigeria as virtually every body, culture and tribe use tomato to prepare stew or soup or even as a cure to prostate cancer.  Also, the richest man in Nigeria and Africa, Aliko Dangote recently established a Tomato processing plant in Kano to tap from the wealth of this money spinning fruit.

Overview on Tomato Farming in Nigeria

Tomato is an agricultural product that takes three months to harvest after planting. The best soil to plant tomato seeds in Nigeria in case you choose to go commercial is the black loose loamy soil. Also the market to sell your tomatoes in large scale need no explanation as both pepper and tomatoes are usually at every market place in Nigeria. Tomato farming in Nigeria can be found mostly in northern Nigeria. An example of tomato producing state is Kano, which has one of the best irrigation systems for watering the tomato farm and serves as one of the main sources of its economy.

If you wish to start your Tomato farming business, you would need to select the best tomato species to plant. The Roma specie is one specie you can plant in Nigeria as you are guaranteed of a high yield during harvest period (tomato season in Nigeria).

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Required Facilities for Tomato Farming Business in Nigeria

Just like other agricultural products, below are the necessary facilities (must have) you should have before you commence your tomato farm

Fertile Suitable Land

It does not have to be a large piece of land as any suitable land with black loamy soil will do yo start a tomato farm. Although, tomatoes can grow on almost any kind of land, having a large piece of land would be suitable if you want to go commercial but for local farmers, a plot of land with suitable irrigation channels should do.

Tomato seeds & Fertilizer

Tomato seeds are as important as the land as you would need the seed if you want to plant. Always go for the healthy tomato seeds as you would reap the benefits when the tomato season for harvesting comes. Also Fertilizers are very important if you want to get the best tomato produce during harvest.

Tomato Nursery

As we were taught in our Agricultural class, another name for a nursery is protective breeding. Tomato should always be planted first in a nursery away from birds and insects before been transplanted into an open farm. this is a very important step in the tomato breeding process.

Knowledge

If you have knowledge and the technical know how on how to start a tomato farm in Nigeria, then you can count yourself lucky. But if you do not have the necessary knowledge, you can decide to attend farming workshops, read books on tomato farming or better still download a practical guide on how to start tomato farming business in Nigeria.pdf, all these can be outsourced via google on the internet.

Feasibility Study

The feasibility study for this guide spells out the cost of a Tomato farm after one farming year. So, all the cost you should incur during the first year which includes the cost of a plot of land, loosening of the soil, the cost of irrigation channeling, seed purchase, cost of nursery set-up, fertilizer, transport expenses and others should not be more than N5,000,000

Note that tomato season in Nigeria is usually during June/July, usually during the rainy season. Heat isn’t good for tomato farming business in Nigeria.

Tomato Farming Disadvantages & Risks Involved in Nigeria

  • As with every kind of agricultural business in Nigeria, threats such as insects, pests, birds and rodents can serve as a major threat to your tomato farm business. So employ techniques such as erecting a scarecrows to keep them away from your farm.
  • Also, weeds which are unwanted plants can serve as a deterrent to your tomato farm as they share nutrient with your tomatoes laving them mal-nourished which either kills them or slow down the rate of the growth of your tomato produce.
  • Of recent, there is also the emergence of the tomato Ebola disease which has caused a lot of farmers in Nigeria to loose a lot of tomatoes due to the virus outbreak.
  • It requires much capital to start.

 Advantages

  • Tomato farming can provide for your domestic needs as you would not need to purchase them from the market any longer.
  • Since it only takes approximately three months for planting to harvesting of the tomatoes, you don’t need to wait so long to harvest or sell your tomatoes.
  • The market for tomatoes in Nigeria is every where so you need not look for a specific market to sell your agricultural produce as the demand of tomatoes in Nigeria is always on the high

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