Wheat Farming In Nigeria: Guide on How To Start (2020)

This article serves as guide on how to start wheat farming in Nigeria. Since the market is everywhere, cultivating wheat in the country is a sure business that would yeild profit.

wheat farming in nigeria

Wheat processing in the country isn’t that familiar. Although, people patronize the products gotten from wheat such as biscuit, spaghetti, bread, cookies and noodles. Not only these, even many local delicacies depend on this cereal. Most notable is the wheat flour.

Others includes fura (drank alongside nunu), dan wake (Hausa local food), etc. The high demand on wheat means there’s a market for wheat production and as far as the production of wheat in Nigeria is concern, it is pretty much low compared to it demand.

So, you can start a wheat farm in Nigeria and make a fortune from it. This article will describe the steps required to start a wheat farm business in Nigeria.


Step 1: Write out your buisiness plan

Writing a wheat farming business plan should be the first thing you would need to do. This should help you phathom the direction where you want your business to go to.

Step 2: Site and Seed Selection

The second step to cultivating wheat in Nigeria is deciding on the location and variety of wheat to plant. First of all, know this; wheats don’t grow everywhere.

They have their own needs and that is why they are mostly grown in the northern part of the country. States that support farming of wheats includes Bauchi, Adamawa, Sokoto, Kano, Borno, Jigawa, Zamfara, Kebbi, Gombe, Yobe and Kaduna.

One of the requirements for wheat production is the cultivation is rainfall. The range of rainfall that support wheat production is 500 – 1200mm. however, when it gets below these, irrigation is requirement to substitute rainfall.

Another requirement of wheat is a well-drained soil that is low in acid and saline content.

Step 3: Select wheat type

After choosing where to locate your farm, the next step is to choose the variety of wheat to plant and that will depend on what you want to use the weed for or what your intended market will use the wheat for so you need to read on the variety of wheats and their specific requirement and what they are best used for.

Step 4: Planting and post planting

After your site and seed selection and of course, land clearing, tilling and other preparation activities, the next step is to plant the wheats. They are usually planted during the dry season around November/December.

This is the harmattan period and does not support weed growth so when it is the time weeds will start growing well, the wheats are all grown and can suppress the growth of the weeds.

Wheats can be planted either mechanically or manually. If you are going the manual route, you can plant it by digging trenches using a shovel or a wheat drill and then put in the seed and then cover it. Most people go the manual method using the wheat drill.

After planting, the next step is taking care of your plants to ensure maximum productivity and prevent anything that can decrease productivity. First thing is irrigation. The wheat farm should be watered monthly if the area does not enjoy abundant rainfall.

Aside watering, application of fertilizer is one important activity to boost fertility and productivity. The fertilizer to be used is the NPK fertilizer and should be applied twice.

It should be applied using the 60:50:50 ratio and then after 6 weeks, you use the 60:0:0 ratio. Also, prevent your plants from pests and diseases by watching out for them and visiting the closest agricultural store and seeking for help from a professional.

Step 5: Harvesting

Usually, your wheats should be ready for harvest. However, don’t go harvesting when it is not ready yet. To know if your wheat is ready for harvest or not, rub the head between your fingers and chew the wheat grain. If the wheat cracks in your mouth and becomes soft, it is ready for harvest.

To harvest the wheat, cut the stalk and winnow to remove the chaff. After harvesting, it is time to store your grains. The storage method used for wheat is pneumatic, it is stored in 3 layered bags to deprive any insect larva or egg from survival. However, one thing you need to guard against is rat infestation.


Broiler Farming in Nigeria: Guide on How To Start (2020)

Rearing broilers in Nigeria today is a very lucrative poultry business. This is because there is a high demand for it and its also a healthy meat for those facing health challenges. In Nigeria today, there is the need to venture into more than one source of income. This will help one achieve financial security even in the midst of economic recession and one of the ways to go about it is to engage in broiler farming.


Are you looking into venturing into broiler farming in Nigeria? If you answered yes, then this easy guide to start this poultry business successfully is for you and you will be glad you did.

Broiler farming is just a niche in the poultry farming business. It is the raising of birds for the sole purpose of meat as opposed to layers which is done for the purpose of laying egg. While these two are related, raising broilers is quiet easier compared to raising the troublesome layers. However, it also comes with its own bag of risk to be uncovered to avoid loss of investment. This is why you need to read and practice this to the later.

Even if this is not your full time job, rearing broilers it can be set in place while you go about your daily activity and handed to someone competent to manage your poultry business, someone with the ability to raise broilers and take good care of them as you supervise occasionally to make sure that things are moving smoothly and on weekends, you could devote more of your time to your chickens and help nurture them to the best of your ability.


Challenges Of Broiler Farming In Nigeria

While the market demand of broiler is high and return on investment is equally high, there are some challenges in venturing into this business. One of such challenges is the high capital intensive nature of the business. Raising just a broiler in the present economy requires nothing less than 700 per bird. This is even on the conservative side. This means you need to be prepared to spend if you really want to profit from this venture.

The next challenge is the problem of disease outbreak. This, I expect you to know. Just one bird with infection among your birds can make you loss nearly all your investment if not all. This is why you need to always seek the advice of a Vet Doctor.

Broiler Farming is a really interesting venture as it does not take away your current job from you. Let us look below for the step by step guide on how to engage in broiler farming in Nigeria.

Guide To Start Broiler Farming in Nigeria

Step 1: Get Trained

Get trained. Yes, you heard me, get trained. I don’t know of you, but I know nearly all my neighbors that ventured into broiler production lost, big time. Some even had a mortality rate of as much as 80%. All because someone told them how profitable broiler farming is and how they can even start it in their backyard. What am I saying here? Go get a practicing farmer, a farmer that has had his own share of success and failure inn thee business. Don’t listen to all those eBook sellers; over 90% of them don’t own a farm. Don’t wait money buying a guide from “a good writer”. You need to learn all it takes to run a broiler farm successfully.

Step 2: Planning & Research

To begin your journey into broiler farming in Nigeria, you need to have a good plan to follow and do a comprehensive research on the business you are about to venture into. You should also seek out the opinion of successful broiler farmers you know in order for you to be well rounded in the business. Things like why you are venturing into the business, your commitment to the business, your startup capital, the location of your business and many other factors need to be considered.

Acquire first hand knowledge of the business and do a thorough market survey of the broiler business and finally get your business plan ready. Now, you’re good to go.

Step 3: Write Your Business Plan

The next is writing your business plan. It had to be comprehensive and capture everything about the business ranging from how much you will need to start the business to how you will get it down to how you will sell and profit from your product. You can check online sources for how to write a broiler business plan as it is slightly different from a conventional business plan.

Step 4: Decide on Broiler Breed

After taking care of everything you need in step one, the first thing you need to do in step two is to decide over the breed of broiler you want to farm. This depends on what you want and you could go for broiler chicks of one-day old whose weight is between 36g-40g or broilers between 0-6 weeks old.

Step 5: Prepare Poultry Farm

Once that is taken care of, begin to make preparations ahead for the broilers by getting the materials of your poultry farm ready. Things like the feed, medicines for the broilers, the poultry buildings etc should be put in place. Then, get founding broiler; after all the preparations are made and the environment is made conducive for the broiler, introduce a healthy broiler to the poultry.

Be careful not to Introduce a random broiler from the street as this may lead to a waste of your investment. Therefore it is advisable that you buy your founding broiler from a good poultry. This shows the need for a good relationship between you and other farmers.

Another factor to consider before you introduce your broilers into the poultry is Temperature. Temperature is very key in broiler farming. Do make sure to check the temperature of the boilers 48 hours before bringing them to the farm, the temperature of the poultry should be 350C at the time of arrival of small chick broilers. For week one, the room temperature would be 350C. This should reduce gently as the broilers acclimatise to the new environment.

While you can start a broiler farm at the back of your house, it is best to get a land away from settlement because of it foul smell. You need to also get the best breed of broiler and their feed. Now, broilers have specific food they eat at a particular age. At first, they start with starter then move up to finisher. All this, you will be taught by the practicing farming. I don’t want to tell you all this and you think you are good to go; I don’t want any of my readers to loss his/her hard earned money trying to cut expense or corner.I repeat, you can loss virtually all your investment if you are not careful. Again, get trained! Poultry business is serious business.

Step 6: Manage Broilers’ Feed

This step involves managing the broilers’ feeds. Disinfectants such as Lysol, Lime, Bleaching powder and Phenols are key in helping to keep poultry clean and in managing the feed of the broilers, this helps prevent the broilers from contracting poultry disease. You should also get a veterinary doctor to come do routine check ups on broilers. While the broilers are grown up, ensure that there is enough space for ventilation. Cleaning the liters of the broilers should be done on a daily basis both at mornings and evenings.

Step 7: Create A Feeding Routine

You need to create a feeding routine if you want to feed the broilers effectively. To feed the young chicks for the first month you will employ starter feeds, from the second month you will feed the broilers with finisher feeds. In feeding broilers, proper and high quality feed is a vital factor for success in broiler farming, broilers needs high percentage of protein in their feeds to make them grow well, vitamin A, B2, D3, B12 and K should also be made available so as to meet their vitamin needs. Broilers eat all the time (morning, afternoon and night) therefore you should make available their feed all the time. Alongside the feed, make available clean and fresh water in the poultry always.

Step 8: Advertise Your Business

Your broilers should be doing just fine at this stage so it is necessary for you to inform everyone that you’re a broiler farmer and you can do this by telling family and friends by word of mouth, via social media and by making acquaintances with potential customers.

The more exposure you get, the more sales you make. Registering with professional bodies also help your business by getting it established. Also get involved in talk shows, seminars and other avenue where you will be given the opportunity to speak.

As your broilers approach passes 8 weeks, it is ready to be sold but it is best allowed to reach around 12 weeks. Before this time, you can inform all the people, businesses and organizations around you of your new business so you wouldn’t find it difficult to sell. For every day and week they spend on your farm without been sold, you are losing money by feeding them. So it is best you start marketing your business early. Lookout for hotels and eateries near you, they are customers that when they are ready to deal with you, your business will boom so move close to them, speak to them, make friends with their representatives and walk your way to success in this poultry farming business.

Need not worry over making profit on broiler, there is a very high demand of it in the market, eateries, bakeries and so many other places, the more you sell the more profit you stand to make.

If you follow these steps wisely, you should have no problems being an established broiler farmer in due time.


Sugarcane Farming in Nigeria: Guide on How To Start (2020)

Here is a guide on how to start sugarcane farming business in Nigeria easily.

Sugarcane Farming in Nigeria

History of Sugar Production In Nigeria

According to an online report, sugar production in the country has been on a low over the past years. The emergence of top sugar processing companies like the Dangote group has pushed the country as not only the main African country that produces sugar but also refining it.

Sugar was discovered since the time of Emperor Darius. History has it that the first sugar was recorded in the year 1099 in England. As time passed, it spread to other nations of the world which brought about its expansion and importation to other continents of the world. In fact, sugar became an expensive commodity that it was sold in London for “two shillings a pound” in 1319 AD.

As at 1750 there were already 120 sugar refineries in Britain that were fully operational. These refineries produced a combined output of 30,000 tons per year. It was during the colonial era that sugar cane was found in Nigeria especially in the Northern region. It was then exported to Britain where in was refined. This continued until independence.


Why Nigeria is the Largest Producer of Sugar in Africa

According to Wikipedia, Do you know that Nigeria has the largest sugar refining plant in Africa? And Nigeria’s production of sugarcane only meets about 10% of it demands. Making importation the only means to meet the other 90%, giving countries like Brazil the opportunity to make money from us while we sing the praise of no money.

In fact, the top sugarcane producing states in Nigeria include: Kwara, Kano, Niger, Jigawa, Taraba, Katsina, Sokoto and Kaduna states respectively. All these states where sugarcane are grown are majorly from the the Middle Belt and Northern region of the country.

What then stops us from investing in sugarcane production? The government in a bid to encourage sugarcane farming exempt those into from paying tax for 5 good years. This is what most people don’t know and can’t harness this opportunity.

Benefits of Sugar cane

Sugar cane has a lot of benefits. Be it medical or just for ordinary use. Below are some of those benefits:

  • Sugar produced can serve as a sweetener, can be used as edible preservative and table sugar.
  • Health wise, its stems and roots can be used for the treatment of urinary tract infections, heart conditions and skin diseases.
  • It can be used as a livestock folder.
  • It is used as a solution for hair removal.
  • Sucrose is gotten from sugarcane processing is used as raw materials in food industries to produce ethanol.

Steps on How To Start Sugarcane Farm in Nigeria

To start sugarcane business here in Nigeria, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Write Sugarcane Farming Business Plan

As with any other business, you should always write out your business plan which will spell out the direction of your sugarcane business.

Step 2: Site Selection

For you to successful start a sugarcane farm that will be profitable, you need to choose a site that meets the requirements for growing sugarcane.

First, while sugarcane is not limited to a particular type of soil, it strives well in a well-drained soil with a pH of 5.0 to 8.0. In terms from climatic requirements of a sugarcane plantation, it is best planted in an area that gets a rainfall of between 1500 – 2500mm and a high temperature of between 26 – 30 C.

This makes areas like Kano, Kaduna, Kwara, Sokoto, Jigawa, Niger, Taraba and Katsina suitable for planting sugarcane. However, due to the lack of sufficient rainfall in these areas, Irrigation is employed to help meet the water requirements.

Step 3: Planting & Post Planting Activities

Sugarcane is planted by either planting stem or settlings which are sections of the cane with the roots or shoots into a furrow of about 4 inches.

After planting, you need to take care of the plants as they are susceptible to pests and diseases which can lower their economic value. Some of the main causes of these are nitrogen built-up in the soil or water logging so you need to watch out for these.

Watch out for pest and diseases and provide solutions.

Step 4: Harvesting

Sugarcane can be harvested using either the manual and mechanically methods. For a large-scale plantation, mechanical method is applied. However, if you are operating on a smaller scale and would employ the manual method, it is done as follows.

First, you need to set the field on fire to burn dry leaves and kill the snakes hiding in it. Don’t worry, this won’t affect the water rich stalks and roots.

After this, you can cut the cane at a little above the ground level with cane knife or machete and make sure you employ skilled worker for this. Sugarcane can be harvested twice a year from the same plantation.

Step 5: Marketing

The market for Sugarcane business in the country is everywhere. Infact, people especially the Northerners sell this product. While companies that are involved in its refining are in search for those who have farms that produce sugar canes.