Tomato Farming in Nigeria: Guide on How to Start (2020)

Tomato farming in Nigeria is rare in many areas of the country even when Nigeria is blessed with the right soil and weather to boost tomato production in commercial quantity and even make Nigeria a major exporter of tomatoes in the world.  Although, there are major tomato producing states in Nigeria, these states cannot supply the amount of tomatoes needed to satisfy the demand of this agricultural produce in the country. Tomato farming business is one that is very lucrative with its demand deemed to surpass its supply, hence its importation from other countries.

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This article on tomato farming business in Nigeria will serve as a guide for those who are seeking information on how to start a tomato farm in Nigeria whether in a commercial or local scale. You might be wondering or asking; how profitable is it to start tomato farming business in Nigeria? I would simply reply with this answer – Tomato in Nigeria is seen as one of the most consumed agricultural product in Nigeria as virtually every body, culture and tribe use tomato to prepare stew or soup or even as a cure to prostate cancer.  Also, the richest man in Nigeria and Africa, Aliko Dangote recently established a Tomato processing plant in Kano to tap from the wealth of this money spinning fruit.

Overview on Tomato Farming in Nigeria

Tomato is an agricultural product that takes three months to harvest after planting. The best soil to plant tomato seeds in Nigeria in case you choose to go commercial is the black loose loamy soil. Also the market to sell your tomatoes in large scale need no explanation as both pepper and tomatoes are usually at every market place in Nigeria. Tomato farming in Nigeria can be found mostly in northern Nigeria. An example of tomato producing state is Kano, which has one of the best irrigation systems for watering the tomato farm and serves as one of the main sources of its economy.

If you wish to start your Tomato farming business, you would need to select the best tomato species to plant. The Roma specie is one specie you can plant in Nigeria as you are guaranteed of a high yield during harvest period (tomato season in Nigeria).

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Required Facilities for Tomato Farming Business in Nigeria

Just like other agricultural products, below are the necessary facilities (must have) you should have before you commence your tomato farm

Fertile Suitable Land

It does not have to be a large piece of land as any suitable land with black loamy soil will do yo start a tomato farm. Although, tomatoes can grow on almost any kind of land, having a large piece of land would be suitable if you want to go commercial but for local farmers, a plot of land with suitable irrigation channels should do.

Tomato seeds & Fertilizer

Tomato seeds are as important as the land as you would need the seed if you want to plant. Always go for the healthy tomato seeds as you would reap the benefits when the tomato season for harvesting comes. Also Fertilizers are very important if you want to get the best tomato produce during harvest.

Tomato Nursery

As we were taught in our Agricultural class, another name for a nursery is protective breeding. Tomato should always be planted first in a nursery away from birds and insects before been transplanted into an open farm. this is a very important step in the tomato breeding process.

Knowledge

If you have knowledge and the technical know how on how to start a tomato farm in Nigeria, then you can count yourself lucky. But if you do not have the necessary knowledge, you can decide to attend farming workshops, read books on tomato farming or better still download a practical guide on how to start tomato farming business in Nigeria.pdf, all these can be outsourced via google on the internet.

Feasibility Study

The feasibility study for this guide spells out the cost of a Tomato farm after one farming year. So, all the cost you should incur during the first year which includes the cost of a plot of land, loosening of the soil, the cost of irrigation channeling, seed purchase, cost of nursery set-up, fertilizer, transport expenses and others should not be more than N5,000,000

Note that tomato season in Nigeria is usually during June/July, usually during the rainy season. Heat isn’t good for tomato farming business in Nigeria.

Tomato Farming Disadvantages & Risks Involved in Nigeria

  • As with every kind of agricultural business in Nigeria, threats such as insects, pests, birds and rodents can serve as a major threat to your tomato farm business. So employ techniques such as erecting a scarecrows to keep them away from your farm.
  • Also, weeds which are unwanted plants can serve as a deterrent to your tomato farm as they share nutrient with your tomatoes laving them mal-nourished which either kills them or slow down the rate of the growth of your tomato produce.
  • Of recent, there is also the emergence of the tomato Ebola disease which has caused a lot of farmers in Nigeria to loose a lot of tomatoes due to the virus outbreak.
  • It requires much capital to start.

 Advantages

  • Tomato farming can provide for your domestic needs as you would not need to purchase them from the market any longer.
  • Since it only takes approximately three months for planting to harvesting of the tomatoes, you don’t need to wait so long to harvest or sell your tomatoes.
  • The market for tomatoes in Nigeria is every where so you need not look for a specific market to sell your agricultural produce as the demand of tomatoes in Nigeria is always on the high

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Diary Farming in Nigeria: Guide on How To Start (2020)

Dairy farms are money spinners for their owners that started them after doing their homework.

This means they did market research, saw a need, source for resources to that will help them in meeting those needs, manage those resources until it gets to a profitable level and they continue to manage it.

What’s my point here? For you to succeed in a business, you need to plan and execute those plans well for you to meet up with the target.

This is not peculiar to any business and in dairy farming especially in Nigeria, this is very important. Do your research well before venturing into it.

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This post will show you how to start a dairy farm in Nigeria this 2020.

Writing A Business Plan

The first step to a successful business plan is planning and the second step is it execution.

To start a dairy farm, you need to plan and I don’t mean in your head, it has to be a written plan.

You need to know if there’s a demand for your products and where, how much will be needed to start the business and the source of the fund, how to manage the farm until it becomes profitable, who you’re selling to and how much are they willing to buy.

With these information, you will know if your business will succeed or not. After being convinced, you can then move over to the execution stage.

Acquire A Land

You need space to keep your cows and the size of the land at hand determines the number of cows you can have.

You need to consider having a grazing field and also shelter for them on the farm as well as the place where they will be milked and even slurry storage. This should decide the size of your farm.

Buying The Equipment Required And Cows

From your market research and discussion with other farmers, you should know the equipment required at your own scale of production and acquire them.

The next step is acquiring the cows. There are various breeds of cows available such as the Ayrshires, Boran, Brahman, Bunaji, Friesians, Guernsey, Jerseys, Sahiwals, Tregian and White Fulani.

Read on them and make your decision. After that, or preferably before that, you should have your workers who would work on the farm.

Make sure they have the skills required and if they don’t, get them trained to acquire the necessary skills to run the farm.

Farm Management

Hygiene in a dairy farm is very important as it determines the quality of the dairy products from your farm, while also preventing your cows from getting sick.

You should thus take it very serious. All processes should be done with high neatness standards.

To make cleaning easier, you could cement every ground space apart from the grazing area, and have sufficient source of water close by. Feeding is an important part of the business.

Your cows should be feed about two times in a day with green forage from leguminous plants, potato vines, wheat straw, rice straw and maize Stover.

Packaging And Sales

When it is time to start milking and selling your dairy products, you need to package them. You can package it in either an attractive bottle or bucket with your label on it.

Your branding increases the awareness. Go to the markets and source for buyers and get them to know of your product.

Usually, this should be done before you start milking your cows so you wouldn’t become stranded when your products are ready.

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Kourtney Kardashian makes son Mason delete his Instagram after he spilled details about Kylie Jenner and Travis Scott’s relationship

Kourtney Kardashian makes son Mason delete his Instagram after he spilled details about Kylie Jenner and Travis Scott’s relationship

Kourtney Kardashian has confirmed that she and ex Scott Disick got their first child Mason Disick to deactivate his Instagram account after he spilled details about Kylie Jenner and Travis Scott’s relationship online.

The 10-year-old joined the social network without his parents’ permission on Tuesday and started chatting with followers on Live.

A fan asked the 10-year-old about his aunt’s love life and he responded: “No, Kylie and Travis are not back together.”

His revelation came as a surprise because there have been reports indicating they were back together and are quarantining together with their daughter Stormi.

Following the revelation, Mason’s account was deactivated.

Kourtney has now revealed in an Instagram Live video that she and her ex Scott Disick, 36, made their son Mason give up his Instagram. She said they decided he was too young and that she had no idea he had joined Instagram.

She broke the news while doing an Instagram Live for her brand Poosh with Sarah Howard, her best pal from high school.

Kourtney confirmed that Mason “didn’t ask us” to get an Instagram and shared that.

She added: “I did delete it because Scott and I just felt like he isn’t – he’s 10!”

The social media star was quick to point out that Mason does not have his own phone but “has an iPad and a computer for his school.”

She shared that as far as her children were concerned “I think there’s an age limit for Instagram. I think it’s 13.”

Kourtney shared: “I think on Instagram the thing that really worries me with kids is comments. People can be so mean.”